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How to Care for Your Garden in The 4 Different Seasons in Ireland

Gardening can be difficult to get right if you don’t know where to start. In this article we will be discussing some quick tips for each of the seasons. In Ireland, we get different weather throughout the year, so knowing what to do is very important. When to plant bulbs, when to mow the grass and when to cut your trees with garden machinery.


What's the Best Way to Care for Your Garden?

Gardening is a rewarding and relaxing activity that can improve your mood and reduce stress. However, it can also be a time-consuming task, especially if you have a large garden.

The best way to care for your garden is by taking these factors into consideration - climate, soil and water availability.

The climate is the most important factor in deciding what type of plants and flowers to grow, especially when considering if you have a temperate or tropical climate.

The type of soil is an important factor in deciding what plants to grow, but also how much fertiliser you will need.

The sun and wind are the most important factors in providing your garden with water and nutrients.

By taking these factors into account and keeping up with maintenance of your plants, you will be able to enjoy the fruits of your labour for months or even years to come.


The 4 Best Ways of Caring for Your Garden in Winter

Let's start with Winter as it is the most difficult month to garden. The four best ways of caring for your garden in winter are:

CRACKED POTS

Though your terracotta pots may be frost-hardy, it is safest to clear it out of any plants and compost, wash them and store them in a frost-free place such as a shed for the winter.

PROTECT PLANTS

Any plants that aren’t totally hardy will need some protection outdoors.

Cover vulnerable plants with cloches or horticultural fleece if harsh frost is forecast and protect newly-planted trees and shrubs over the winter with windbreaks.

Alternatively, wrap a blanket of hessian or horticultural fleece around them.

PLANT BULBS

Planting your tulips around November is the best time, but you'll want to start the process early or be prepared to struggle finding enough space in your lawn during winter.

PLANT AND HARVEST

It's not too late to plant winter salads like pak choi, but you should make sure to cover crops with fleece before the winter is here. Harvest vegetables including kale, spinach, turnips, parsnips, winter cabbage and the first Brussels sprouts soon after frost has left them.


4 Ways You Can Care for Your Garden in Springtime

Spring is such a busy time for gardening in Ireland. There is so much to do to ensure that your garden is prepared for the weather changes. 

SPRING INSPECTION

On one of the first warm days of spring go to the garden with a notepad. It’s time to see what happened in the garden while you were indoors all winter. Take note of:

  • Cold, ice or snow damage on plants
  • Hardscaping elements—walls, fences, benches, sheds, trellises—that have shifted, bowed or rotted
  • Evidence of new animal burrows from skunks, chipmunks, moles and voles, groundhogs or rabbits. This depends on where you live.

DO A THOROUGH CLEANUP

Ideally just before your spring bulbs start to pop up, clean the plant debris out of your garden beds. This includes fallen branches, matted down leaves, last year’s perennial foliage, ornamental grasses and perennial hibiscus. Maintaining good hygiene in your garden beds will help to keep pests and diseases at bay.

TEST YOUR GARDEN SOIL

Experts recommend testing your garden soil every 3-5 years. It's important to know what nutrients the soil needs in order to avoid adding fertiliser that will result in too much phosphorus.Or you might find out your soil is naturally alkaline, and need to add aluminium sulphate.

The instructions for how to collect the soil sample are available at your state's Extension Service website.    

SPRING PLANTS

Though most annual flowers need a few weeks to warm up before they can be planted, some of the most hardy ones like pansies, nemesia, or osteospermum daisies will thrive if they're planted early. Fill your spring containers with sweet alyssums today!

Most other annuals should be planted after your area reaches its last frost date, with the exception of cool-season crops.


3 Tips You Need To Keep an Eye Out For When Caring For Your Plant In Summer

WATER DEEPLY

In preparation for a heat wave, be sure to give your plants a deep watering – if you water too quickly or not enough, often just the top of the soil gets wet and the rest escapes down the sides of your pot and out the bottom. Make sure the water is actually absorbed by watering slowly, and allowing the plant to soak up excess water in a bowl for 10-20 after watering.

While you’re in summer plant care mode, check your plants soil moisture level more frequently than normal by using a moisture metre.

DON’T FERTILISE DURING A HEAT WAVE

Though fertiliser is your friend, especially during summer, a stressed plant should never be fertilised until it recovers. If your plant is in summer survival mode, it's not looking for extra nutrients and should not be fertilised. Wait until you see a noticeable recovery before applying additional feeds.

A FEW FLOWERS THAT YOU CAN PLANT IN SUMMER

  • Delphinium
  • Heirloom Roses
  • Gomphrena
  • Mandevilla
  • Star Flower
  • Coleus
  • Aster
  • Gladiolus
  • Rudbeckia
  • Begonias
  • Canna Lilies
  • Spider Flowers
  • Lily of the Nile
  • Wheat Celosia

Tips To Care For Your Garden in Autumn

PULL UP DEAD PLANTS

Clean up the summer garden before it gets too cold. Once the plants are dead, it is good practice to remove them as soon as possible. Fungal disease and many garden pests will overwinter in the dead leaves and stems.

VEGETABLES TO GROW IN THE FALL

  • Broccoli
  • Cauliflower
  • Kale
  • Chard
  • Cabbage
  • Collards
  • Spinach
  • Onions
  • Garlic
  • Carrots 

We hope that you learned some tips about gardening in Ireland and some tips about how to keep your garden looking its best. Follow our blogs for more tips and advice about gardening.

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